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考研英语阅读:《经济学人》读译参考TEXT 407

来源:passxmu.com   作者:聚英厦大考研网  浏览:161  发布时间:2018/8/17

 

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经济学人:自由交流:企业老板如何高效控制员工(1)


Finance and Economics:Free exchange

财经:自由交流

 

Better, stronger, faster.


更好、更强、更快。


Labour-monitoring technologies raise efficiency—and hard questions.Bosses have always sought control over how workers do their jobs.Whatever subtlety there once was to this art, technology is now obliterating.



译文



劳动力监督技术在提高效率的同时也带来种种难题。企业老板总是在找办法来控制员工的工作方法。不论这种方法以前有多么微妙,如今的技术正在完全毁灭掉。


In February Amazon received patents for a wristband apparently intended to shepherd labourers in its warehouses through their jobs with maximum efficiency.The device, were Amazon to produce and use it, could collect detailed information about each worker’s whereabouts and movements, and strategically vibrate in order to guide their actions.Using such technology seems an obvious step for firms seeking to maximise productivity.Whether workers should welcome the trend, or fear it, is harder to say.



译文



2月,亚马逊获得了一款腕带多项专利——从表面上看,这款腕带是用来指导员工在仓库里最为高效地工作。如果亚马逊生产并使用这一穿戴设备,它将收集每位员工详细的行踪和运动信息,并以巧妙地震动方式指导员工的行动。对于各家企业来说,使用这类技术表面上是为了追求最高生产率。员工对此技术是欢迎还是担忧,现在还很难说。


Workplace discipline came into its own during the Industrial Revolution.As production came to depend ever more on expensive capital equipment, bosses, not keen to see that equipment sitting idle, curtailed their workers’ freedom,demanding they work during set hours, in co-ordination with other employees, at a pace dictated by the firm.



译文



在工业革命时期就有了工作纪律。随着生产越来越依赖于昂贵的资本设备,老板们不愿看到设备闲置,便缩减员工的自由,要求他们在固定的时间里工作,以及与其他员工协调一致,而工作节奏则由企业来控制。


Technology creates new opportunities for oversight.Editors can see which of their journalists attract the most readers (though many wisely focus on other measures of quality).Referees at sporting events are subject to reviews that check their decisions to within millimetres.


译文


技术为监督员工工作创造了新机会。编辑能看到哪位记者吸引的读者最多(虽然很多人明智地关注于其他衡量质量的办法)。运动比赛的裁判常常要复查以确保他们的决策精确到毫米。


注释


1.control over 控制


例句:They want more State control over private property.


他们希望加强国家对私有财产的控制。


2.focus on 专注于


例句:What I'm going to do in this lecture is focus on something very specific


我在今天的讲座中将主要探讨一些非常具体的问题。


3.keen to 热衷于;渴望于


例句:He is very keen to reach agreement with the US on reducing long-range nuclear missiles.


他很想和美国达成协议,减少远程核导弹的数量。


4.harder to say 很难说


例句:It's harder to say what will happen to movies.


电影会怎么样很难预测。

 

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