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考研英语阅读:《经济学人》读译参考TEXT 534

来源:passxmu.com   作者:聚英厦大考研网  浏览:222  发布时间:2018/12/29

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经济学人:欧洲养老金:一脚踏入阿尔加维 (2)

 

 

Finland shredded its tax agreement with Portugal in June.If Portugal does not accept a draft deal letting Finland tax most pensions drawn by its retirees there by November, it will start doing so anyway in January.It estimates that it loses a mere 3m-6m euros a year in revenue to Portugal, but says that as a matter of principle it can no longer tolerate "tax refugees".


译文


6月,芬兰撕毁了与葡萄牙的税收协定。如果葡萄牙不接受让芬兰从11月开始对芬兰退休者的大部分退休金征税的起草协议,那么该国不论如何都将从1月起贯彻该规定。据评估,每年该国流入葡萄牙的收入损失不过3到5百万欧元,但是该国表示原则上,他们将不再默许“税收难民”。


This is just sour grapes, says Pekka Pystynen, a retired former executive.Mr Pystynen spends his winters in his home in the Algarve and the summers at his cottage in Finland.The tax benefits were a bonus, he says, but the main draws were the weather and relaxed lifestyle.


译文


一名已退休的前主管Pekka Pystynen称这不过是吃不到葡萄说葡萄酸罢了。Pystynen在他位于阿尔加维的家中过冬,在芬兰的小屋中入夏。税收优惠是一种奖励,他说,但主要吸引人的地方还是天气和放松的生活方式。


译文


Pensioners are important to Portugal's tourism industry, which contributed over 17% to the country's GDP in 2017. One job in five is linked to tourism.The average pension paid to Finns living in Portugal is around 3,500 euros a month. Since prices are a fifth lower than the euro-area average, that goes a long way.According to Sirpa Uimonen of the University of Helsinki, Finns living in the Algarve spend 14,700 euros a year on average, over 20% more than locals do.


译文


领退休金的人对葡萄牙的旅游业非常重要,2017年旅游业对该国GDP的贡献超过17%。五分之一的工作都和旅游业挂钩。居住在葡萄牙的芬兰人平均每月的养老金约为3500欧元。由于该数额比欧元区平均数额低五分之一,这对该国大有帮助。赫尔辛基大学的Sirpa Uimonen表示,生活在阿尔加维的芬兰人平均每年支出为14,700欧元,比本地人的平均年支出多20%。


Withdrawing from double-taxation agreements is rare. Denmark ended its deals with Spain and France in 2009, also because of rows about pensions.In the case of Portugal, other countries may follow Finland's lead. Sweden's finance minister has pressed to do so.More commonly, countries take matters into their own hands. France is about to start taxing French pensions that are paid abroad.And a new bilateral agreement means that Britain will soon start taxing British government-service pensions drawn in Cyprus.


译文


退出双重课税协议是很少见的。2009年丹麦终止和西班牙及法国的协议,也是由于养老金争端。至于葡萄牙,其他国家或许会以芬兰为榜样。瑞典的财政部长强烈要求这么做。更普遍的情况是,各国会亲自出马。法国将开始对海外支付的法国养老金征税。新的双边协议意味着英国很快将开始对在塞浦路斯提取的英国政府公务员养老金征税。


Portugal's generosity to retired foreigners has been criticised by locals. They pay up to 48% on their pensions; property prices rose by 10% last year.Extra demand from foreign buyers will not have helped. One political party, the Left Bloc, has proposed closing the pensions loophole.Retired foreigners may soon have to decide whether vinho verde and pasteis de nata are enough of a draw.


译文


葡萄牙对外国退休者的慷慨受到了当地人的批评。去年他们在养老金上的支出高达48%;房价上涨了10%。来自外国买家的额外需求并没什么帮助。左翼联盟建议关闭养老金漏洞。退休外国人或许很快便要决定葡萄牙绿酒和蛋挞是否有足够的吸引力。


注释


1.shred 撕毁


Remove the meat from the pigeons and shred roughly.


把肉从鸽子身上拿出来,粗略地切碎。来源于《BBC》


2.tolerate 容忍;忍受


The company will not tolerate coercive and underhand practices.


公司不会容忍强迫性和下流行为。来源于《THETIMES》


3.on average 平均


Which is certainly a valid statement on average.


这无疑是一个平均有效的陈述。来源于《WSJ》


4.bilateral 双边的


She spoke Friday at annual bilateral talks in Beijing.


周五,她在北京举行的年度双边会谈上发表了讲话。来源于《VOA》

 

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