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考研英语阅读:《经济学人》读译参考TEXT 566

来源:passxmu.com   作者:聚英厦大考研网  浏览:114  发布时间:2019/1/26

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经济学人:美国中期选举:美利坚"分"众国(2)


Leaders:America divided


社论:美利坚“分”众国

 

Mr Trump is also wilfully divisive.All politicians attack their opponents, but presidents see it as their duty to unite the country after a tragedy.Only Mr Trump would think the Tree of Life synagogue shooting a chance to hit back at the media and the Democrats for criticising him.Only he would suggest that, rather than tone down his explosive rhetoric, he might just “tone it up”.


译文


特朗普还故意制造分裂。政客们都攻击对手,但总统本应在悲剧之后将团结国家视为己任。只有特朗普这位总统会认为犹太教堂“生命之树”枪击案是反击批评他的媒体和民主党的机会。只有他会认为,相比缓和爆炸性言论,他可能只会“加强语气”。


Such divisiveness matters because, when your opponents are simply bad people, the compromise that is the foundation of all healthy politics becomes hard within parties and almost impossible between them.Mr Trump is not the only politician to wallow in division—just the most powerful and one of the most accomplished.


译文


这种分裂影响很大,因为当认为对手是坏人时,妥协——所有健康政治的基础,在政党内部很难达成,而不同政党间更是天方夜谭。特朗普并不是唯一沉溺于分裂的政客——只是最有权势最有成就的。


Before he was elected, more than half of Democrats told pollsters that they were afraid of Republicans and almost half of Republicans said the same about Democrats.After a Republican congressman was shot by an unstable gunman last summer, leading Democrats expressed “outrage” at the idea that their rhetoric had played any part.


译文


在他当选之前,超过半数民主党人对民调机构说他们害怕共和党,几乎半数共和党人也说他们害怕民主党。去年夏天,一名共和党国会议员被一名激进的持枪分子开枪击中,随后,民主党领导人就对“是因为民主党的花言巧语起了作用”的这种说法表达了愤怒之情。


Yet they used the attempted bombings and the synagogue shooting to begin a debate about the precise degree of presidential responsibility for domestic terrorism.America’s democracy is robust——it was designed to be.However, one by one, its institutions are being infected with toxic polarisation.Congress caught the bug in the 1990s, when Newt Gingrich was Speaker.


译文


但是民主党利用未遂炸弹案以及犹太教堂枪击案,引发了一场关于总统对国内恐怖主义应负多少责任的辩论。美国的民主是强大的——创建之始意图如此。然而,相关机构相继都被有毒的两极分化感染了。20世纪90年代,纽特·金瑞奇时任议长,国会发现了这一问题。


The media have also fallen victim to partisan scepticism——certainly among audiences, if not also among contributors.Just 11% of strong Trump supporters believe the mainstream media, whereas 91% of them trust Mr Trump, a CBS News poll found in the summer.Among Democrats those beliefs tend to be reversed.


译文


媒体也成了党派间互相猜忌的受害者——要么是媒体人,要么是观众。哥伦比亚广播新闻今年夏天的一项民调发现,在特朗普的坚定支持者中,只有11%相信主流媒体,而91%相信特朗普。在民主党中,则恰恰相反。


Now the Supreme Court is perceived to be partisan, too.Democrats see the recent confirmation of Brett Kavanaugh to the court as the ramming through of a partisan who has lied, possibly about a sexual assault, and who will be incapable of putting the law above his party.Republicans, by contrast, see it as a triumph over a monstrous Democratic conspiracy to keep a decent man down.A dishonest executive, conniving with a fawning legislature and empowered by a partisan judiciary: were it to come to that, America truly would be in grave trouble.


译文


现在,最高法院也被认为卷入了党派之争。近期布雷特·卡瓦诺宣誓就职最高法院,民主党将其视为一个强行通过的共和党人士,认为卡瓦诺可能在性侵问题上撒谎、且将法律凌驾于其政党之上。相反,共和党把它看作是意图压制正派人的大阴谋的粉碎。一位不诚实的总统,和一个奉承讨好的立法机构共谋,由一位共和党法官授权:如果到了那种地步,美国真的会陷入严重的麻烦。


注释


1.tone down 使缓和


The fiery right-wing leader toned down his militant statements after the meeting.


这位言辞激烈的右翼领导人在会后缓和了他的好战言辞。


2.tone up 使更旺盛(健康等)


More exercise and a change of diet will tone up your body.


多进行锻炼并改变饮食会使你身强体壮。


3.wallow in 沉溺


His tired mind continued to wallow in self-pity.


他疲惫的心灵继续沉溺于自怜之中。


4.keep down 压制


No matter what a woman tries to do to improve her situation, there is some barrier or attitude to keep her down.


不管女性如何试图改善自己的境遇,总有障碍或看法压制她们。


5.connive with 共谋


Senior politicians connived to ensure that he was not released.


资深政客们共谋以确保他不被获释。


6.empower someone 使能够


You must delegate effectively and empower people to carry out their roles with your full support.


你们必须有效地下放权力,使人们能够在你们的全力支持下履行他们的职责。

 

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