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2021考研英语一真题及答案

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.2021全国硕士研究生英语一考研真题及答案

 

 

2021年全国硕士研究生入学统考试英语()试题

 

Section I Use of English

Directions:

 

Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, В, C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)

 

Section II

Reading Comprehension

Part A

Directions:

Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing A, B, C, or D. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1.(40 points)

 

Text 1

  How can the train operators possibly justify yet another increase tcrail passenger fares?It has become a grimly reliable annual ritualevery January the cost of travelling by train rises, imposing asignificant extra burden on those who have no option but to use ther ail network to get to work or otherwise .This year srisean average of2.7percentmaybea fraction lower than last year 'sbut it is stil well above the official Consumer Price Index (CPI)measure of inflation.Successive governments have permitted such increases on the grounds that the cost of investing in and running the rail network should be borne by those who use it, rather than the general tax payei Whythear gumentgoesshould a car-driving pensioner from Lincoln shire have to subsidise the daily commute of a stock broke ifrom Surrey ?Equally, there is a sense that the travails of commuters in the South East .many of whom wilface among the biggest rises, have received too much attention compared to those who must endure there latively poor infrastructure of the Midlands and the North .

  However over the past 12months, those commuters have also experienced some of the worst rail strikes in years .It is all very well train operators trumpeting the improvements the are making to the network .but passengers should be able to expect a basic level of service for the substantial sums they are now paying to travel . There sponsibility for the latest wave of strikes rests on the unions .However , there is a strong case that those who have been worstaffected by industrial action should receive compensation for the disruption they have suffered .

  The Government has pledged to change the law to introduce aminimum service requirements othateven when strikes occur services can continue to operate . This should form part of a wide ipackage of measures to address the long - running problems onBritain 'srailways.Yes, more investment is needed but passengers wills not be willing to pay more indefinitely if they must also endurecramped unreliable services .punctuated by regular chaos whertimetablesarechanged orplannedmaintenanceismanagedincompetently . The threat of nationalisation may have been seen of lfor now.butit will return with a vengeance if the justified anger ofpassengers is not addressed in short order .

  21.The author holds that this year 's increase in rail passengers fares

  A.will ease train operation 's burden

  B. has kept pace with inflation

  C.is a big surprise to commuters

  D. remains on

  22.The stockbroker in2is used to stand for

  A.car drivers

  B.rail travellers

  C. local investors

  D. ordinary taxpayers

  23.It is indicated in 3 that train operators

  A. are offering compensations to commuters

  B.aretying to repair relations with the unionsl

  C. have failed to provide an adequate source

  D. have suffered huge losses owing to the strikes

  


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